Gerald Scarfe was born in London. He was asthmatic as a child and spent much time drawing and reading. After a brief period at the Royal College of Art in London, he established himself as a satirical cartoonist, working for Punch magazine and Private Eye during the early sixties. He has had many exhibitions worldwide, including New York, Osaka, Montreal, Los Angeles, Sydney, Melbourne, Chicago and London, and 50 one-man shows. He has designed the sets and costumes for plays, operas and musicals in London, Houston, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle, and also in New Zealand. His film work includes designing and directing the animation for Pink Floyd's The Wall. Scarfe has written, directed and appeared in many live action and documentary films for BBC and Channel 4 and has published many books of his work. His most recent book, The Making of Pink Floyd's The Wall was published in October 2010. Scarfe has been political cartoonist for the Sunday Times for 45 years, and has worked for The New Yorker magazine for 20 years. His work regularly appears in many periodicals. Gerald Scarfe received a CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours 2008.